Abhayarishta (Abhayarishtam) is one of the most common ayurvedic medicines utilized in ayurvedic prescriptions. It is used to treat mild to moderate constipation, as well as to reduce hard stools in piles and anal fissures. It can also help with gas, flatulence, abdominal distension, and dysuria. It stimulates the appetite and improves digestion.
Ingredient of Abhayarishtam
|INGREDIENTS||QUANTITY USED FOR MAKING DECOCTION|
|Haritaki – Terminalia Chebula||5 Kg|
|Munakka (Raisins) – Vitis Vinifera||2 Kg|
|Vaividang – Embelia Ribes||400 grams|
|Madhuca Indica – Mahua/Madhuka flowers||400 grams|
|The decoction for Abhayarishta syrup is prepared using these ingredients and reduced to 1/4th i.e. about 10 litres.|
|Ingredients Added after making and cooling the Decoction|
|Jaggery (GUR)||5 Kg|
|Gokshura (Tribulus Terrestris)||80 grams|
|Nishoth (Trivrit or Turpeth) – Operculina Turpethum||80 grams|
|Dhania (Coriander)||80 grams|
|Dhataki – Woodfordia Fruticosa||80 grams|
|Indravaruni (Colocynth) – Citrullus Colocynthis||80 grams|
|Chavya – Piper Cuba||80 grams|
|Saunf (Fennel Seeds) – Foeniculum Vulgare||80 grams|
|Sonth – Zingiber Officinale||80 grams|
|Dantimool – Baliospermum Montanum||80 grams|
|Mochrus – Bombax Malabaricum||80 grams|
|These ingredients are mixed in the Abhayarishtam decoction and kept for about a month for natural fermentation. After a month, the liquid is filtered and stored in glass jars or food grade plastic bottles.|
Reference of Abhayarishta :
Bhaishajya Ratnavali, Chapter 9, Arsha Roga Chikitsa, Verse 175-180.
Abhayarishta Method of preparation
- Take a measured amount of raw materials.
- The herbs should be washed and dried. Then, powder the kwatha dravya Haritaki and Vidanga ingredients. To obtain the coarse powder, pass this through the 44-number sieve.
- Wash the remaining kvatha ingredients, Mridvika and Madhuka.
- Clean, dry, and powder all of the Prakshepaka dravyas ingredients. To obtain a fine powder, pass this mixture through an 85-number sieve.
- Soak kwatha dravya in the specified amount of water overnight, then boil and reduce to one-fourth part. Now strain the kvatha through a muslin cloth.
- Mix and filter Sandhana dravya and Guda into the kvatha. Transfer the filtrate and fine powder form of Prakshepaka dravyas to a container.
- Now, close the container’s mouth. Transfer the container to the fermentation chamber. Check the fermentation progress report on a regular basis. When finished, strain the fermented material through muslin cloth.
- Finally, store in airtight containers for maturation. Now, keep the bottle cool and away from moisture and light.
- The solution is a clear dark brown liquid with an aromatic odor and a bitter taste.
Medicinal Properties of Abhayarishta
- Digestive Stimulant.
- Peristalsis stimulation inducer.
- Mild Diuretic.
- Ama Pachak (detoxifying).
- Anthelmintic or vermifuge (due to Vaividang).
Abhayarishta has a mild laxative effect as well as mild diuretic properties. It encourages proper peristaltic movements of the intestine and facilitates defecation. It is also used as an intestine detox to remove toxins from the digestive tract.
Dosha Karma of Abhayarishtam
|Balances||Tridosha (Vata, Pitta and Kapha).|
Therapeutic Indication of Abhayarishtam
- Piles (Haemorrhoids) – all types.
- Constipation – mild to moderate.
- Dysuria (painful or difficult urination).
- Anuria (inability to urinate).
- Abdominal heaviness after food.
- Intestinal gas.
- Abdominal disorders (in 8 types of abdominal disorders as mentioned in ayurveda).
- Loss of appetite.
- Abdominal bloating.
- Anal Fissure.
Benefits of Abhayarishta:
Benefits of Abhayarishta for Constipation:
- Abhayarishta syrup can be used as a laxative and thus to treat constipation.
- It’s diuretic property helps to improve peristaltic movements of the gut and facilitates excretion.
- Abhayarishta helps with defecation by improving digestion and softening feces.
Benefits of Abhayarishta for Piles:
- Abhayarishta has antioxidant properties that effectively alleviate inflammation, pain, and irritation in the perianal region resulting from constipation.
- Moreover, it enhances the flexibility of the perianal area and provides relief from the symptoms of hemorrhoids.
- Abhayarishta syrup diminishes the size of hemorrhoidal masses and promotes healing in non-bleeding piles.
Benefits of Abhayarishta for Vitiligo:
- The destruction of melanin-producing cells, caused by the immune system, characterizes vitiligo, a skin condition.
- Terminalia chebula fruits possess immunomodulatory properties that can enhance the levels of antioxidant enzymes, thereby aiding in the control of melanocyte destruction.
- When combined with other topical treatments such as Marichyadi Lepa, Abhayarishta has been observed to effectively diminish the size of vitiligo patches on the skin.
Benefits of Abhayarishtam for abdominal bloating:
- Individuals experiencing abdominal bloating often experience a sensation of a distended or uncomfortably full abdomen.
- The primary component of Abhayarishtam, Haritaki, effectively alleviates intestinal gas, flatulence, and cramping in the abdominal region.
- This potent remedy facilitates the proper expulsion of excessive gas from the intestines while inhibiting its continued production.
- While Abhayarishta alone suffices for milder instances, chronic cases may necessitate the concurrent use of Arogyavardhini Vati and Lasunadi Vati for optimal results.
The classical ayurvedic dosage of Abhayarishtam is as follows:
|Children||0.5 ml per Kg of body weight|
|Adults||15 – 30 ml|
|Geriatric Dosage||15 ml|
|Maximum Possible Dosage||60 ml per day|
How to Take Abhayarishtam
|Anupan (Adjuvant) of Abhayarishta||An equal amount of water|
|Dosage Frequency||Twice daily|
|Medication Time||Immediately after a meal|
Nutritional Content of Abhayarishta:
The nutritional composition of Abhayarishta syrup key ingredients is as follows:
- Haritaki (Terminalia chebula) fruit contains fatty acids, chebulinic acid, tannic acid, gallic acid, chebulin, and tannin.
- Amalaki (Emblica officinalis Garten) fruit is rich in ascorbic acid, gallic acid, chebulinic acid, chebulagic acid, ellagic acid, corilagin, emblicanin A and B, punigluconin, quercetin, and tannins.
- Kapittha (Feronia elephantum Correa) fruit pulp contains coumarins, tyramine derivatives, beta carotene, vitamins (riboflavin and thiamine), and Stigmasterol (unripe fruit).
- Indravaruni (Citrullus colocynthis Schrad) root possesses anti-diabetic compounds and serves as a potential antidote to scorpion and snail bites.
- Vidanga (Embelia ribes) fruit consists of reducing sugars, mucilage, proteins, amino acids, fats and oils, tannins, alkaloids, and saponins.
Please note the diverse range of beneficial components found in these significant ingredients of Abhayarishta syrup.
Contradictions of Abhayarishtam
Generally, there are no contradictions associated with this.
However, it is important to note that in certain cases, it may Contradictions like loose stools, particularly in individuals with a pitta body type.
It is crucial to emphasize that this is a traditional Ayurvedic medicine and should only be consumed under the strict guidance and prescription of an Ayurvedic doctor. Furthermore, it is imperative to take this medication under medical supervision to ensure its safe and appropriate usage.
Frequently Asked Questions about Abhayarishta:
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What is Abhayarishta syrup used for?
Abhayarishtam is an Ayurvedic blend that aids in the treatment of ailments such as constipation, anorexia, piles, and anal fistula. Its composition includes beneficial ingredients like Haritaki, which is recognized for its ability to alleviate digestive issues.
Can a pregnant woman consume Abhayarishtam?
It is strictly forbidden for pregnant women because it includes colocynth or indravaruni. These herbs can cause contractions in the uterus and even lead to abortion.
What is the age group for the consumption of Abhayarishtam?
The effectiveness of the syrup varies based on the dosage and the age of the recipient. For instance, if the syrup is administered to a three-year-old child, a significantly lower dose is recommended.
Is Abhayarishta a laxative?
Abhayarishta syrup, a classical Ayurvedic medicine, is known for its efficacy as a laxative. It aids in relieving constipation and other digestion-related issues due to the presence of Harad, a key ingredient known for its laxative properties.
Can a diabetic person take Abhayarishta syrup?
It is advisable for individuals with diabetes to seek medical advice prior to consuming Abhayarishta, as it contains Jaggery that may have an impact on blood sugar levels.
Is Abhayarishtam good for gas?
Can we take Abhayarishta syrup daily?
It is advisable to strictly adhere to the prescribed dosage and duration of Abhayarishta. Refrain from self-medicating.
Abhayarishtam, also known as the “King Of Medicine,” is a potent herbal mixture that offers numerous health benefits for a variety of ailments. This fermented decoction contains a blend of powerful herbs such as haritaki, vidanga, madhuka, gur, chavya, saunf, ginger, and more, making it an effective remedy for conditions like piles, constipation, dysuria, anuria, indigestion, flatulence, gas, ascites, constipation, haemorrhoid, and abdominal distension. To avoid any potential adverse effects, it is recommended to consult with an ayurvedic doctor for the appropriate dosage and treatment.
Reference of Abhayarishtam
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3. De T, De LC. Nutrient rich foods in human diet as immunity boosters. ~ 197 ~ Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2022 Feb 22];10(3). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/351450889_Nutrient_rich_foods_in_human_diet_as_immunity_boosters
4. Lal B, Mishra N. Importance of Embelia ribes: An update. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2022 Feb 22];4(10):3823. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.4
5. Kavita MB, Poornima B, Mallika KJ. AMALAKI (DRIED POWDER OF EMBLICA OFFICINALIS GAERTN) AS FOOD SUPPLEMENT IN DYSLIPIDEMIA-AN ANALYTICAL STUDY. Plant Archives [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2022 Feb 24];16(1):217–25. Available from: http://plantarchives.org/PDF%2016%20-%201/217-225%20(PA3-3259).pdf
6. Sharma M, Nagdev S, Bhurat M, Dhankani A, Jain M, Mude G. Feronia elephantum Correa: A Potential Traditional Drug. International Journal of Ayurvedic Medicine [Internet]. 2021 Sep 29 [cited 2022 Feb 25];12(3):482–4. Available from: https://www.ijam.co.in/index.php/ijam/article/view/1965
7. Rahimi R, Amin G, Ardekani MRS. A review on citrullus colocynthis schrad.: From traditional iranian medicine to modern phytotherapy. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine [Internet]. 2012 Jun 1 [cited 2022 Feb 25];18(6):551–4. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22784342/
8. Chenghe Shi, Sabiha Karim, Chunyong Wang, Mingjing Zhao, Ghulam Murtaza. A review on antidiabetic activity of Citrullus colocynthis Schrad – PubMed [Internet]. Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica Ã± Drug Research. 2014 [cited 2022 Feb 25]. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25265814/
9. Pardeshi K, Kadibagil V. A REVIEW ON: BHESHAJA CHIKITSA IN ARSHA. WORLD JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2022 Feb 21]; Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/348928648
10. Anupam Alman V, Ashok Alman A, Professor A, Tantra MES Ayurved Mahavidyalay S, Ratnagiri K. CLINICAL STUDY TO EVALUATE THE EFFICACY OF DHANYAK GHRITA, ABHAYARISHTA AND KANKAYAN VATI IN THE MANAGEMENT OF ARSHA. Certified Journal â”‚ Alman et al World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2022 Feb 21];10. Available from: https://wjpr.s3.ap-south-1.amazonaws.com/article_issue/930f5978f5fb655bbd8b11510be75b46.pdf
11. View of CLINICAL EVALUATION OF ERAND MOOLADI BASTI IN THE MANAGEMENT OF GRIDHRASI W.S.R. TO SCIATICA – A CASE STUDY [Internet]. [cited 2022 Feb 21]. Available from: http://www.ijaprs.com/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1129/895
12. Constipation (Vibandha) | National Health Portal of India [Internet]. [cited 2022 Feb 22]. Available from: https://www.nhp.gov.in/constipation-vibandha_mtl
13. Hemorrhoids & Fistula In Ano (Arsha & Bhagandara) [Internet]. Central Council For Research In Ayurvedic Sciences, Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India. [cited 2022 Feb 22]. Available