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Aragwadha Use, Benefits, Dose, and Side effect

Introduction To Aragwadha

Due to its purgative properties, Aragwadha is also known as “Purging Cassia.” One of the herbs that is most frequently used in Ayurveda is Amaltas (Cassia fistula Linn). The word “Aragwadha” itself denotes that the plant is capable of curing a wide range of diseases. The cylindrical pod fruits are indicated by the plant’s species name, “fistula,” which also refers to the plant. One of the most frequently used herbs for the treatment of allergic skin conditions is Amaltas (Cassia fistula Linn).

Numerous illnesses, including diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, skin conditions, worm infestation, and fever, can be treated with Aragwadha. The plant’s numerous medicinal properties include purgative, febrifuge, cardioprotective, antiallergic, and analgesic, among others. The most popular purgative herb is cassia fistula which is Amaltas (Cassia fistula Linn). Amaltas (Cassia fistula Linn)bark’s aqueous extract has hypoglycemic properties and can be used to treat diabetes. The fruit pulp has anticandidal activity, and the hydro alcohol extracts from the leaves have antimicrobial effects. Aragwadha’s renoprotective properties were also discovered by Dr. Keyur’s Ayurvedic experts through research on the fruits’ crude hydroalcoholic extract. The ethanolic leaf extract also has antioxidant and hepatoprotective properties.

Botanical Name of Aragwadha

What is the botanical name of Aragwadha?

Cassia fistula
Fistula (Latin) = tube, tubular (Tubular shaped like pods).
Quetsiah (Hebrew), Kasia (Greek) = Old name of the plant.

What is the Family of Aragwadha?

Caesalpinaceae

आरग्वथ = आ समन्तात् रुजवर्थाऽत्र ।

The drug is useful in pacifying many diseases.

Dravya Parichaya:

पंक्तिपत्रोमहाशिम्बीविटपीराजपादपः ।
महाजम्बूपत्रसदृक्पत्रागिरिवासिच।। (शिवदत्त)

Aragwadha has compound leaves (Panktipatra), the fruit is a pod (Mahashimbi), and the leaves are similar to Jambupatra.

Main Synonyms of Aragwadha:

I. Habit :

Beautiful tree: Rajavruksha.

राजवृक्ष = वृक्षाणांराजा, सुमनः शेखरत्वात्।

II. Flowers:

i. Beautiful: Pragraha

प्रग्रह = प्रकर्षेण गृहाते जनैः ।

ii. Golden yellow: Svarnanga. स्वर्णाङ्ग = स्वर्णानि अङ्गानि पुष्पाणिऽस्य ।

iii. Arranged like a garland: Krutamala कृतमाला = कृताधारितमालापुष्पाणामनेन।

iv. Used as ear ornaments: Karnikara. कर्णिकार = कर्णायोशभरणरूपेणप्रयुज्यते ।

III. Fruit:

i. Long stick like: Dirghaphala

दीर्घफल = दीर्घफलं यष्टिवदस्य।

ii. The marrow is demarcated at distance of four angulas: Chaturangula. चतुरङ्गुल = चतस्रोऽङ्गुलयः प्रमाणमस्यपर्वणः ।

IV. Actions:

i. It improves health: Arogyashimbi, Shampaka.

आरोग्यशिम्बी = आरोग्यप्रदः शिम्बः फलमस्य ।
शम्पाक = शं कल्याणकारीपाकोऽस्य ।

ii. Pacifies many disorders: Aragwadha, Vyadhighata.

आरग्वध = आ समन्तात् रुजौवर्षाऽत्र ।
व्याधिघात = व्याधीन् हन्ति ।

iii. Removes Aamadosha: Aamaha.

आमहा = आमं हन्ति ।

iv. Cures Jvara: Jvarantaka.

ज्वरान्तक = ज्वरनाशक ।

v. Cures Kustha: Kusthasoodana.

कुष्ठसूदन = कुष्ठंसूदयतीति ।

vi. Mild and safe purgarive: Aarevata.

आरेवत = आरेवयति निःसारयतिमलम्।।

Regional Names of Aragwadha:

  • English- Indian Laburnum, Purging cassia.
  • Hindi- Amaltas
  • Bengali- Sondala
  • Gujarati- Garamala, Garamalo
  • Kannada- Aragvadha, Rajataru
  • Malayalam- Konna. Kritamalam
  • Marathi- Bahava, Garamala, Amaltas
  • Tamil- Sarakonrai, Sarakkonnai
  • Telugu- Rela

Classification of Dravya (Gana) as in Charaka and Sushruta:

Charaka: Kusthaghna, Kandughna, Tiktaskandha, Virechana.

Sushruta: Aragwadhadi, Shyamadi, Shleshma samshamana, Adhobhagahara.

External Morphology of Aragwadha:

A tree of 6-9m. height. Leaves are 23-40cm. long, leaflets 4-8 pairs, paripinnate, ovate.

Flowers are in lax racemes, corolla yellow, and 5 petals.

Fruit: Pod, pendulous, cylindric in V shape, nearly straight, smooth, shining brown-black, not torulose, indehiscent with numerous horizontal seeds immersed in a dark-colored sweetish pulp, completely separated L by transverse demarcations.

Seeds are broadly ovate.

Adulterant: The market material contains seeds, septa, etc., which form foreign matter and should be separated before use. (A.P.I Volume 1)

Useful Parts: Phala majja, Moola tvak, Pushpa, Patra.

Important Phytoconstituents:

Fruit pulp contains Sugar, mucilage, pectin, and anthraquinone. (A.P.I Volume 1).

The stem bark contains Anthraquinones, tannins, and sterols. (A.P.I Volume V).

Rasa Panchaka of Aragwadha:

  • Rasa: Madhura
  • Guna: Guru, Mrudu, Snigdha.
  • Virya: Sheeta
  • Vipaka: Madhura.
  • Karma: Rechana,

Action on Dosa, Dhatu, Mala of Aragwadha:

It is Madhura, Snigdha=Vata shamaka

Sheeta in Virya=Pitta shamaka.

Properties of different parts- Kaiyadeva Nighantu (Oshadhivarga)

1. Patra: It does Kapha and Meda Shoshana and is useful in rechana of mala and dosha.

पत्रमारग्वधस्यपि कफमेदोविशोषणम्। विरेकेसततंमदोषसमन्विते।।

2. Kusuma (Flowers): It is Madhura, Kashaya in rasa, Sheeta and Grahi in action. कुसुमंशिशिरंस्वादुकषायंग्राहितिक्तकम् ।

3. Phala (Fruits): Phala is Sramsana, Ruchikara, Kaphapittahara, Pathya in jvara and is good for Kosthashuddhi. Phalamajja is Agnivardhaka, Snigdha, Madhura vipaki and Vatapittahara.

तत्फलंखंसनंरुच्यंकुष्ठपित्तकफापहम् । ज्वरे तु सततंपथ्यं कोष्ठशुद्धिकरं परम् ।। तन्मज्जास्वादुपाकोऽधिकृतस्निग्धौऽनिलापहा ।।

Action of Aragwadha – Cassia fistula in Allergies

Aragwadha is now widely used to treat skin allergies. The plant contains phytoconstituents that contribute to its antiallergic properties, including anthraquinone, sucrose, lignoceric acid, amino acids, sennoside A and B, and fistucacidin. Applying the Amaltas (Cassia fistula Linn) paste directly to the skin can treat allergic conditions. Additionally, it is employed in purgation, a procedure that prepares the body for the treatment of blood-impurity-related skin diseases.

Amayikapra Yoga and Matra of Aragwadha: (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):

1. External Use of Aragwadha::

1. Kustha: Aragwadha Patra pounded with kanji is applied in Dadru, Kitibha, Kustha, and Sidhma. (V.M).

2. Gandamala: Root bark of Amaltas (Cassia fistula Linn) pounded with tandulodaka is used as Nasya and Lepa. (V.M).

3. Visarpa: Aragwadha Patra lepa with little ghee. (Ch.chi 21/89-92)

II. Internal use of of Aragwadha:

1. Amavata: Aragwadha Patra fried in sarshapa taila, has to be taken prior to the evening meal. It acts as Amapachaka.

2. Udara: Pittaja udara patient should be given virechana by giving milk with Aragwadha. (Ch.Chi 13/69-70)

3. Kustha: Ghee processed with Aragwadha root bark, taken with Khadira kwatha cures kustha. (A.H.Chi 19/13)

4. Jvara: Amaltas (Cassia fistula Linn)should be taken with milk. (Ch.chi 3/23)

Dose of Aragwadha:

5-10 g of the drug in powder form (Fruit pulp) (API Vol.I)

50-100 ml kvatha.(Stem bark) (A.P.I Volume V)

Vishista Yoga of Aragwadha: (Names of Important Formulations):

Aragwadhadi Taila

Aragwadhadileha

Aragwadhadi Aristha.

Pharmacological Activities of Aragwadha:

Hypoglycaemic, Anticancer, Abortifacient, Anticolic, Antifertility, Estrogenic, Laxative, Antibacterial, Antipyretic, Antiinflammatory, Smooth muscle stimulant, Antiarthritic, Antitussive, Purgative, Analgesic, Antifungal, Antiviral, Hepatoprotective, Antiimplantation. (CCRAS Database Volume II)

Substitute and Adulterants: Pods of Cassia grandis Linn. (Horse cassia) are some- times used as substitute. Other species of Cassia are also sometimes adulterated (CCRAS Database Volume II).

Classical References of of Aragwadha:

Synonyms:

कर्णिकारोदीर्घफलः स्वर्णाङ्गः स्वर्णभूषणः । 
आरग्वधोगुरुः स्वादुः शीतलः स्रंसनोत्तमः । (भा.प्र.)

Properties:

ज्वरहृद्रोगपित्तास्त्रवातोदावर्तशूलनुत् । 
तत्फलंस्रंसनंरुच्यंकुष्ठपित्तकफापहम्।।
ज्वरेतुसततंपथ्यंकोष्ठशुद्धिकरंपरम् । (भा.प्र.)
आरगवधोरसेतिक्तोगुरुष्णः क्रिमिशूलनुत् ।  
कफोदरप्रमेहघ्नः कृछ्रगुल्मत्रिदोषजित्।। (ध.नि.) 
How to use Amaltas for weight loss?

After lunch and dinner, taking Amaltas churna with warm water may help control blood sugar levels because it boosts insulin secretion as a result of its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Additionally, because it enhances body metabolism, it aids in weight management.

Is Cassia fistula poisonous?

No, Amaltas is not posionus but if you take it in overdose it cause sever diarrhea.

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