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Arjuna Use, Benefits, Properties, Dose and Side effect

Introduction To Arjuna

Arjuna protects the heart muscles, assists in enhancing coronary artery blood flow, and lowers the risk of clot formation. By minimizing cholesterol buildup in the arteries, the herb aids in lowering blood lipid levels and aids in preventing blood vessel hardening.

What is the botanical Name of Arjuna?

Terminalia arjuna
Terminalia: Terminus (Latin): The end of the limit.
Arjuna-name of the species.

What is the Family of Arjuna?

Combretaceae

अर्जुन = अर्जयतिप्रापयतिहृद्यताम् ।

It is useful in cardiac disorders.

Main Synonyms of Arjuna:

I. Based on plant morphology:

II. Action:

1. Growing near water source: Nadisarja नदीसर्जः = नदीतीरज: सर्जसदृशः ।

2. Spreading branches: Kukubha, Sarpana कुकुभः = कुकफभोदिशः सन्त्यस्यबहुविसृतत्वात् । सर्पण: = प्रसरणशीलः ।

3. Outer bark is white: Dhavala, Shwetahva धवलः = श्वेतत्वक् । श्वेतवाहः = श्वेतत्वक् ।

4. Flowers: have honey like aroma: Madhugandi- prasunaka

मधुगन्धिप्रसूनक: = मधुगन्धिपुष्पत्वात् ।

1. Potent drug: Indradru, Viravruksha

इन्द्रगु = पश्मशक्तिसंपन्नो वृक्षः ।

वीरवृक्ष = प्रकृष्टवीर्यत्वात् “वीरविक्रान्तौ” ।

2. Useful in cardiac disorders: Arjun, Hrudrogavairi

अर्जुन = अर्जयतिप्रापयतिहृद्यताम् । हृद्रोगवैरि= हृद्रोगे विशिष्टलाभकरः ।

3 Useful in Shwasa: Shwasaneshwara

श्वसनेश्वरः = श्वासनाशकः ।

Regional Names of Arjuna:

  • Hindi- Arjuna, Kahu, Koi.
  • Bengali- Arjun Gacha.
  • Marathi- Arjuna.
  • Gujarati- Arjun.
  • Punjabi- Jumra.
  • Kannada-Matri.

Classification of Dravya (Gana) as in Charaka and Sushruta:

Charaka: Udardaprashamana, Kashayaskandha

Sushruta: Nyagrodhadi, Salasaradi

External Morphology of Terminalia Arjuna:

A large tree with a huge often-buttressed trunk and horizontally spreading branches.

Bark: smooth, grey, flaking off in large flat pieces. Leaves: sub-opposite, oblong, or elliptic-oblong. Petioles usually with one or two prominent glands at the top immediately below the leaves.

Flowers: yellowish white, in short, axillary spikes or in terminal panicles.

Fruit: Drupe, Ovoid or Ovoid-Oblong, fibrous, woody, dark brown with 5 hard project- ing wings striated with numerous curved veins.

Substitute and Adulterants In Terminalia Arjuna:

Stem bark of Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. is reported to be an adulterant of Terminalia arjuna. It is also reported that the bark of several other species of Terminalia is being sold indiscriminately under the name Arjun, viz., Terminalia bialata Steud., T.bellirica Roxb., T.alata Heyne ex. Roth (Syn. T. tomentosa W. & A.), T. manni King, T. myriocarpa Heurek and Muell-Arg., T. chebula Retz., T. catappa Linn., T. purifolia Kurz., T. travancorensis Wight & Arn., T. pallida Brandis, T. citrina Roxb. ex. Flem., T. paniculata Roth. The bark of T.alata is also used as an adulterant for T. arjuna. (CCRAS Database Volume III).

Useful Parts: Tvak

Important Phytoconstituents of Arjuna:

Arjunic acids, Tannins, Arjunone, Arjunglucosides I and II, Arjunoside I, II and IV, Arjunolic acid, etc. (CCRAS Database Volume III).

Rasa Panchaka of Arjuna:

Rasa: Kashaya

Guna: Laghu, ruksha

Virya: Sheeta

Prabhava: Hrudya

Vipaka: Katu

Karma: Hrudya, Vrananashana, Bhagnasandhanaka

Action of Arjuna on Dosha, Dhatu and Mala:

Action on Dosha: By Kashaya rasa, Sheetavirya it is Kaphapittahara.

Action on Dhatu: By Kashaya rasa, it is Rakta sthambhaka and Raktashodhaka. Action on Mala: By Kashaya rasa, it is Mala sthambhana, Mutrsangrahaniya. Pharmacological Activity: Cardioprotective, anti-anginal, spasmogenic, oxytocic, antifertility, cytotoxic, antifungal, antibacterial, hepatoprotective (CCRAS Database Volume III).

Prayogarhavyadhi of Arjuna (Therapeutic Indications):

Hrudroga, Raktapitta, Kshaya, Raktatisara.

Amayikapra yoga and Matra Of Arjuna (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):

External use of Arjuna :

i. Arshas: Parisheka with Kwatha of Arjun, Vasa, Yavasa, and Nimba. (Ch.chi 14/ 214).

ii. Vyanga: The paste of Arjun tvak or Manjistha mixed with madhu is applied. (A.H. U 32/16).

Internal use of Arjuna:

i. Hrudroga: Arjunatvak is indicated in Raktapitta. (Ch.chi. 4/75-77)

ii. Kshaya, Kasa, and Raktapitta: Arjuna bark churna should be given bhavana with vasa swarasa and it should be taken with ghruta, Madhu, and sitopala.

iii. Kustha: Arjun and Aragwadha are useful for snana and pana in kustha. (Ch.chi. 7/129)

Dose: 3-6 g. of the drug in powder form. (Tvak)

Benefits Of Arjuna

Heart Healthy

Arjun is a fantastic plant for heart health and cardioprotection. It is effective at preventing ischemia damage to the heart muscle, strengthening the cardiac muscles, and enhancing coronary artery blood flow. The most popular heart tonic is a decoction of Arjun with milk.

Controls Blood Pressure

Arjun bark may be able to reduce blood pressure. It aids in dilating and relaxing the blood vessels, which helps to keep blood pressure within a normal range.

Fights Inflammation

Arjuna’s potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant qualities protect the body from the damaging effects of pollutants. Arjun is a powerful plant that is useful in preventing aging. It can also reduce chronic inflammation and improve general health and well-being.

Regulates Blood Sugar

The Arjun tree contains a variety of plant chemicals, including tannins, saponins, and flavonoids, which aid in the metabolism of glucose and prevent a surge in blood sugar levels.

Vishista Yoga of Arjuna (Names of Important Formulations):

Kukubhadichurna

Arjunaristha

Arjunaghruta

Classical References of Terminalia Arjuna:

Synonyms:

कुकुभोऽर्जुननामाख्यो नदीसर्जाकीर्तितः । इन्द्रवीरवृक्षा वीराघवलः स्मृतः । । (भा. प्र . ) Guna Karma:

कुकुभः शीतलोहृद्यः क्षतक्षयविषास्त्रजित् । मेदोमेहव्रणानहन्तितुवरः कफपित्तहृत्। (भा.प्र.) अर्जुनस्तुकषायोष्णः कफघ्नोव्रणशोधनः । पित्तश्रमतृषार्तिघ्नोमारुतामयकोपनः । । (रा.नि.)

Side Effect Of Arjuna

Arjun bark powders and infused formulations are quite safe for internal consumption and do not pose any health risks when taken in prescribed doses. However, consuming excessive amounts of these herbal powders, pastes, or distilled concoctions can cause problems with the kidneys, liver, and stomach. Additionally, since the effects of Arjun bark residues and its herbal combinations on expectant and nursing mothers are not fully recognized, pregnant and nursing women should avoid ingesting the herb. Arjuna must always be consumed in moderation or in accordance with the dosage suggested by a licensed Ayurvedic doctor.

Frequently Ask Questions About Arjun

Which part of arjun is used?

Arjun stem bark extracts have been found to have a wide range of pharmacological properties, including inotropic, anti-ischemic, antioxidant, blood pressure-lowering, antiplatelet, hypolipidemic, antiatherogenic, and antihypertrophic effects.

Is Arjun good for the lungs?

Because of its affinity for the chest, arjuna can balance excess Kapha and pitta in the lungs for calm, peaceful breathing.

Can arjuna remove the blockage?

Asthma, mitral regurgitation (a backflow of blood caused by the heart’s mitral valve failing to close tightly), angina pectoris, congestive heart failure, heart blockage, myocardial infarction, and ischemic cardiac myopathy can all be effectively treated with it.

Can I take Arjun daily?

Strong anti-hypertensive properties of the arjuna tree also help lower high blood pressure. Arjun chaal cooked in milk should be consumed 1-2 times daily for the greatest benefits in cases of heart problems. Arjuna also aids in the control of cough, asthma, and diarrhea.

Is Arjun a medicinal plant?

One of the most well-known herbs in use today is Arjun. It is a valuable herbal remedy in the treatment of heart problems in Ayurveda because it has many beneficial medicinal uses, especially for the heart and circulatory systems. We are all aware that the plant’s reddish bark is primarily useful.

Is arjun good for fatty liver?

Patients with chronic liver diseases, such as Liver Hepatitis, can benefit from arjuna bark’s effective treatment and improvement of liver function.

Is arjun good for high blood pressure?

Patients with heart disease and high blood pressure can also find relief by drinking arjuna bark into tea. It is highly beneficial to boil 1 g of powdered arjuna bark in a cup of water and serve it with milk and sugar if desired.

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