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Atibala Use, Benefits, Properties, Dose, and Side Effect

Introdution to Atibala

Abutilon Indicum, also known as atibala, is a typical roadside weed with lovely golden-yellow blooms. Inherently blessed with anti-inflammatory, antihyperlipidemic, immunomodulatory, analgesic, antimicrobial, antimalarial, diuretic, hepatoprotective, hypoglycemic, wound healing, and anti-diarrheal properties, the weed Atibala, whose name means “extremely powerful,” is also anti-diarrheal.

अतिबला – अतशयितंबलमस्या: अथवाबलामतिक्रान्ता ।

It promotes Bala (Strength).

What is the Botanical Name of Atibala?

Abutilon Indicum
Abutilon-Arabic name of a mallow-like plant
Indicum – of India

What is the family of Atibala?

Malvaceae

Main Sanskrit Synonyms of Atibala:

1. Habit:

Grows wildly: Rushyaprokta

ऋष्यप्रोक्ता – ऋष्यैःमृगैःस्तुतावनेजायमानत्वात्।

II. Flowers:

a. Blooms in rainy season: Varshapushpika

वर्षपुष्पिका – वर्षाकालेपुष्पितत्वात्।

b. Yellow flowers: Pitapushpika

पीतपुष्पिका – पीतानिपुष्पाण्यस्य ।

III. Fruit:

1.Resembles comb – Kankatika

2.Resembles Basket – Petarika

कङ्कतिका – कङ्कतिकाकारदन्तुरफला ।

पेटारिका – पेटारीसदृशफल । वंगदेशेप्रसिद्ध नाम ।

IV. Actions:

i. Vrushya: Vrushya and Vrushyagandhika

ii. Promotes Bala: Atibala and Saha.

अतिबला – अतशयितंबलमस्याः अथवा बलामतिक्रान्ता ।

सहा – सहोबलं तद्वधेयतीति ।

Regional Names of Atibala:

Atibala in English-Indian Mallow.

Atibala in Hindi- Kanghi, Kakahi.

Bengali Name of Atibala- Petaari.

Marathi Name of Atibala- Mudra, Mudrika.

Gujarati Name of Atibala- Khapaat, Kamsaki.

Kannada Name of Atibala- Shrimudrigida.

Telugu Name of Atibala- Tutturubenda.

Tamil Name of Atibala- Tutti.

Classification of Atibala (Gana) as in Charaka and Sushruta:

Charaka: Balya, Bruhmaniya, Madhuraskandha

Sushruta: Vatasamshamana, Madhuraskandha.

External Morphology of Atibala:

It is a perennial softly tomentose shrub, up to 3m high.

The stem is round, and frequently tinged with purple.

Leaves are Ovate to suborbicular cordate.

Flowers are solitary, orange yellow, or yellow.

Fruit is a Capsule, is hispid, hardly larger than the calyx.

Useful Parts of Atibala:

Root (Mula)

Important Phytoconstituents:

Asparagin (A.P.I Volume I)

Rasa Panchaka of Atibala:

  • Rasa: Madhura
  • Guna: Laghu, Snigdha, Pichila
  • Virya: Sheeta
  • Vipaka: Madhura
  • Karma: Balya, Vrushya, Grahi.

Action of Atibala on Dosha, Dhatu and Mala:

Vatapittashamaka (Similar to Bala)

Prayogarhavyadhi of Atibala (Therapeutic Indications of Atibala):

Raktapitta

Vatarakta

Prameha

Amayikaprayoga of Atibala (Therapeutic Benefits of Atibala):

i. Mutrakruchra: Kwatha of moola cures all types of mutrakrichra. (C.D, B.P)

ii. Raktapradara: Atibala moola should be powdered and taken after mixing with sharkara and madhu. (B.P chi. 68/13)

iii. Rasayanaprayoga (Ch.chi.)

Dose of Atibala

Dose: 3-6 g of the drug in powder form. (A.P.I Volume I)

Vishista Yoga of Atibala (Names of Important Formulations of Atibala):

  • Balataila
  • Narayanataila
  • Mahanarayanataila

Pharmacological Activities of Atibala:

Essential oils have antibacterial and Antifungal activity. Roots have significant analgesic activity. Alcoholic extracts of flowers and fruits have shown activity against Micrococcus pyogenes var. aureus and Escherichia coli, while that of whole plant was CNS depressant. An ethanolic extract of the plant showed anticancer and hypothermic activity. (CCRAS Database Volume I)

Health Benefits Of Atibala

Remedies Malnutrition

Malnutrition, also referred to as Karshya disease in Ayurveda, is primarily brought on by inadequate nutrient intake and poor digestion. Atibala significantly combated malnutrition and mineral deficiencies when combined with its natural nourishing components and Balya property.

To combat malnutrition, take 14 to 12 tsp of Atibala powder with honey and water, twice daily, after small meals.

Promotes Male Reproductive Health 

The effectiveness of atibala in enhancing male sexual health is significant. The herb is extremely helpful for treating sperm disorders such as asthenozoospermia (which affects sperm motility), teratozoospermia (which affects sperm shape), oligospermia (which affects sperm count), hypothermia (which affects semen volume), and enhances spermatogenesis (i.e., sperm production). It increases the production of male hormones like testosterone and luteinizing hormone because it is high in antioxidants. Additionally, it treats issues like erectile dysfunction and early ejaculation and boosts libido while engaging in sexual activity.

To treat male sexual dysfunction, take a decoction of 14 to 12 tsp of Atibala powder, honey, and water twice daily after light meals.

Osteoarthritis

Atibala can help with osteoarthritis pain management. Osteoarthritis, also known as Sandhivata in Ayurveda, is caused by an increase in Vata dosha. It causes joint mobility, pain, and swelling. Atibala is a Vata-balancing herb that relieves the symptoms of osteoarthritis-like pain and swelling in the joints.

To help manage the pain associated with osteoarthritis,

a.take 1/4-1/2 teaspoon of Atibala powder.
b. Combine with honey or warm water.
c. Take it once or twice a day after light meals to relieve Osteoarthritis symptoms.

Relieves Pain And Inflammation

Atibala is widely used to treat painful conditions such as arthritis, muscle spasms, and body pain due to its strong pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory properties. The pain caused by Rheumatoid arthritis, also known as Amavata, and Osteoarthritis, also known as Shondivata, which generally occur due to Vata Dosha vitiation and toxin accumulation in the joints and bones, respectively, can be relieved by using formulations containing Atibala.

Benefits of Atibala for Epilepsy and Siezures: 

Seizures may benefit from the use of atibala. It contains anticonvulsant linoleic acid and/or flavonoid components, which prevent muscles from contracting involuntarily.

Precautions to Take with Atibala: 

If used concurrently with diabetes medications, it may cause hypoglycemia.
When combined with diuretics, use them with caution.
There have been no studies on the use of atibala in pregnant or lactating mothers.
There is no research on the safety of atibala in children.

Side Effects of Atibala: 

Atibala is completely safe to use and has no known side effects or toxicity in humans.

Classical References of Atibala:

Synonyms:

अतिबलाऋष्यप्रोक्ताकङ्कतिका च सा ।

Guna Karma:

बलाचतुष्टयंशीतंमधुरंबलकान्तिकृत् ।
स्निग्धंग्राहिसमीरास्त्रपित्तास्त्रक्षतनाशनम्।। (भा.प्र.)

तिक्ताकटुतिबलावातघ्नीकृमिनाशिनी ।
दाहतृष्णाविषच्छर्दिक्लेदोपशमनीपरा।। (रा.नि.)

Conclusion About Atibala

Atibala, whether called a medicinal herb or a weed, is endowed with a plethora of health benefits. It is widely used for treating malnutrition, treating flu and feverish conditions, relieving liver problems, managing respiratory diseases, preventing viral infections, curing kidney problems, promoting digestion, enhancing skin health, and many other purposes due to the goodness of the essential bio-active ingredients and a plethora of therapeutic properties.

What is the use of Atibala plant?

Atibala has demulcent, aphrodisiac, laxative, diuretic, and sedative properties. It has been used to treat inflammation, piles, and gonorrhoea, as well as to boost immunity. The root and bark have aphrodisiac, anti-diabetic, antipyretic, anthelmintic, nerve tonic, and diuretic properties.

How to make Atibala oil?

Add ¼ kg vasa sticks powder to ¼ kg Atibala powder. In a flat glass vessel, combine 50 gm of the above powder with 150 gm sesame oil. Place it in the sun for three days. The oil is then filtered and stored.

 Can Atibala help in managing sexual dysfunction?

Because of its libido-boosting properties, atibala may aid in the treatment of sexual dysfunction. It boosts a person’s overall sexual drive or desire for sexual activity, acting as a powerful stimulator of sexual behaviour.

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