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Home » Bakuchi Use, Benefits, Properties, Dose, and Side Effect

Bakuchi Use, Benefits, Properties, Dose, and Side Effect

Introduction To Bakuchi

Bakuchi is an Ayurvedic Medicinal Pant. Bakuchi is useful in the treatment of Vitiligo and other Skin Disorder.

What is the Botanical Name of Bakuchi?

Psoralea corylifolia Linn.
Psoralea: plant with a rough surface due to glandular dots or warts.
Corylifolia: korus (Greek) helmet, calcine, covering of the nut.

What is the Family of Bakuchi?

Leguminosae/Fabaceae

Dravyaparichaya of Bakuchi:

क्षुपो बाकुचिकाया गोवारिसदृशोभवेत् । 
कृष्णपुष्पोगुच्छफलोदुर्गन्थोकृष्णबीजक। (शिवदत्त)

The Bakuchi plant has Krushnapushpa-dark purple flowers and Guchapushpa-dense axillary racemes. The fruit is black and has a foul smell.

Main Synonyms of Bakuchi:

I. Leaves:

Good looking: Suparnika

सुपर्णिका = शोभनानिपर्णान्यस्य ।

II. Fruits:

बाकुचि = वाग्भिःकुच्यते शब्द्यतेस्तूयते प्रशस्तगुणत्वात् “कुचिशब्दे” 

It is an effective medicine for skin diseases.

i. Black: Krushnaphala, Kalameshi.

कृष्णफला = कृष्णंफलमस्याः ।
कालमेषी = कालंमिषतिस्पर्धतं, "मिषस्पर्धायाम्, कृष्णफलेत्यर्थः ।

ii. Foul smell: Pootiphala

पूतिफलः = पूतिदुर्गन्धिफलमस्याः ।।

III. Seeds:

Seeds have white streaks inside: Shashilekha, Somaraji.

शशिलेखा = चन्दस्य इव रेखाऽस्याम् ।
सोमराजी = सोमस्यचन्द्रस्येवरेखाऽस्याम्।

IV. Actions:

i. Very effective in skin disorders: Bakuchi.

बाकुचि = वाग्भिःकुच्यतेशब्द्यतेस्तूयतेप्रशस्तगुणत्वात् “कुचिशब्दे”

ii. Specifically good for Kustha, Svitra: Avalguja, Kusthaghni, Malayu, Svitragni.

अवल्गुज = अवल्गुजं अशोभनं अङ्गंवल्गुशोभनजनयतीति ।
कुष्ठघ्नी = कुष्ठंहन्तीति ।
मलयु = मलं श्वित्रं यौतिपृथक् करोतीति ।
श्वित्रघ्नी = श्वित्रं हन्तीति ।

Regional Names of Bakuchi:

English Name of Bakuchi: Purple Fleabane

Hindi Name of Bakuchi: Babchi

Assamese Name of Bakuchi – Habucha

Bengali Name of Bakuchi- Bakuchi, Somraji, Hakucha Veeja

Gujarati Name of Bakuchi- Bavachi. Bavachi, Bakuchi

Kannada Name of Bakuchi- Bauchige, Bhavantibeeja, Bhavanchigid, Baukuchi

Kashmiri Name of Bakuchi- Babchi

Malayalam Name of Bakuchi- Karkokil

Marathi Name of Bakuchi- Bawchi.

Oriya Name of Bakuchi- Bakuchi

Punjabi Name of Bakuchi- Babchi, Bavchi

Tamil Name of Bakuchi- Karpokarisi, Karpogalarisi, Karbogalarisi

Telugu Name of Bakuchi- Bavanchalu

Urdu Name of Bakuchi- Babchi

Classification of Bakuchi (Gana) as in Charaka and Sushruta:

Charaka: Tiktaskanda.

Sushrut: No gana

External Morphology of Bakuchi:

An erect annual with grooved stem and branches, studded with conspicuous glands and with few appressed and spreading white hairs.

Leaves: Broadly elliptic, into-dentate, rounded, and mucronate at the apex, sparingly clothed with white hairs on both surfaces, with a cuneate base.

Flowers: Close in dense axillary solitary 10-30 flowered racemes, corolla bluish purple.

Fruit: Pod, black.

Seeds: 1, smooth, adhering to the pericarp.

Substitute and Adulterants of Bakuchi:

Bakuchi seeds are substituted with Takla (Cassia tora L.) seeds. (CCRAS Database Volume II)

Useful Parts of Bakuchi: Phala, Bija, Bijataila.

Important Phytoconstituents of Bakuchi:

Fruit- Essential oil, Fixed oil, Psoralen, Psoralidin, Isopsoralen and Bakuchiol. (A.P.I Volume I)

Rasa Panchaka of Bakuchi:

  • Rasa: Tikta, Katu
  • Guna: Laghu, Ruksha
  • Virya: Ushna
  • Vipaka: Katu
  • Karma: Graahi, Vranapaha, Hrudya.

Action of Bakuchi on Dosa, Dhatu, Mala:

By Tikta katu rasa, Ruksha guna, Ushna virya it is Kaphahara.

By Ushna virya it is Vatahara.

Mala: Graahi

Pharmacological Activities of Bakuchi:

Antibacterial, Antistaphylococcal, Antifungal, Anthelmintic, Antiinflammatory, Vasodilator, Skin photosensitizing, Antitumour, Immunomodulatory, Strong DNA polymerase inhibitor, Mild nematicidal, Tranquillosedative, Anticonvulsant, Central muscle relaxant, Mild hypotensive, Spasmolytic, Antipyretic. (CCRAS Database Volume II)

Prayogarhavyadhi of Bakuchi (Therapeutic Benefits of Bakuchi):

  • Svitra
  • Kustha
  • Krimiroga

Bakuchi benefits for skin:

Bakuchi seeds have been used to treat a variety of skin diseases, including leucoderma, a skin discoloration condition.
The extract can be applied topically as ointments or gels.
Bakuchi can be used to treat psoriasis and the itching that comes with it.
Bakuchi can also be used to treat leprosy
Tinea versicolor, scabies, and ringworm are all treated with seed oil.

Anti-cancer Activity of Bakuchi:

Bakuchi extract has been shown to be effective in destroying cancer cells from osteosarcoma and lung cancer. Bakuchi extract can also kill cancer cells that contain multi-drug resistant Human papillomavirus.

Amayikaprayoga of Bakuchi(Therapeutic Of Bakuchi):

I. External Use of Bakuchi:

i. Kustha: Bakuchi with Shunthi powder, applied cures Kustha. (B.P)

ii. Vrana: Bakuchi Patra Kalka applied checks for bleeding in wounds. (V.D)

II. Internal Use of Bakuchi:

i. Kustha: Bakuchi took with warm water and exposure to sunlight with a milk diet. (V.M)

ii. Shvitra: Kwatha of Amalaki and Khadira (heartwood), with Bakuchi churna is used regularly with a wholesome diet. (Vangasena 29)

iv. Visha: Gruel cooked with Bakuchi is vishaghna. (Ch. Su 2/24)

Matra of Bakuchi (Dose of Bakuchi)

  • Bakuchi Churna – ¼-½ twice a day.
  • Bakuchi Capsule – 1-2 capsules twice a day.
  • Bakuchi Tablet – 1-2 tablets twice a day.

Vishista Yoga of Bakuchi (Names of Important Formulations of Bakuchi):

  • Somaraji Taila
  • Avalgujadi Lepa
  • Bakuchi Oil For vitiligo

Classical References of Bakuchi:

Synonyms of Bakuchi:

अवल्गुजोबाकुचिस्यात्सोमराजीसुपर्णिका । शशिलेखाकृष्णफलासोमापूतिफलीतिच। सोमवल्लीकालमेषीकुष्ठघ्नीचप्रकीर्तिका । बाकुचीमथुरातिक्ताकदुपाकारसायनी।। (भा.प्र.)

Properties of Bakuchi:

विष्टम्भहृद्धिमा रुच्यासरा । श्लेष्मास्त्रपित्तनुत् ।
रूक्षा द्या श्वासकुष्ठमेहज्वरकृमिप्रणुत्।।
तत्फलंपित्तलंकुष्ठकफानिलहरंकटु ।
केश्यंत्वच्यकृमिश्वासकासशोथामपाण्डुनुत्।। (भा.प्र.)
बाकुचीशीतलातिक्ताश्लेष्मकुष्ठकृमीन् जयेत् ।
रसायनीचकुष्ठघ्नीमेधाग्निबलवर्धनी।। (ध.नि.)

Side Effects of Bakuchi:

Bakuchi shouldn’t be taken undiluted or in high doses; otherwise, the following side effects may occur:

  • Hyperacidity  
  • Skin discoloration  
  • Blurred vision  
  • Rashes  
  • Allergies 
  • Hepatotoxicity
  • Malaise
  • Rapid breathing  
  • Dizziness  
  • Gastritis  Irritation or burning sensation on the skin

It may cause the following side effects if consumed without being purified:

  • Nausea 
  • Vomiting

Other adverse effects include:

  • In the event of a severe overdose, there may be loss of consciousness and even coma.
  • Free motions
  • Complications of the kidneys
  • Long-term use may harm the eyes, liver, and immune system.
  • Sleeplessness

Frequently Asked Questions About Bakuchi:

Can Bakuchi cure vitiligo?

Yes, Ayurveda recommends Bakuchi as a powerful panacea to heal and remedy various skin conditions such as vitiligo, psoriasis, acne, and others due to its antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties.

What is Bakuchi good for?

The powder made from the seed extract is used to treat constipation and parasitic intestinal infections, and to improve appetite. The leaves can be used to make diarrhea medicines, and the fruits can help with piles and nausea.

Is Bakuchi good for the skin?

Bakuchi oil is an effective skin care home remedy. Because of its anti-inflammatory properties, Bakuchi oil mixed with coconut oil can help reduce inflammatory reactions on the skin. Its application also aids in the reduction of boils and skin eruptions due to its powerful healing properties.

What is Bakuchi called in English?

English name: Purple Fleabane

What is Bakuchi oil used for?

Bakuchi Oil contains Psoralea corylifolia extract and Sesame oil. Pale spots, depigmentation, psoriasis, and skin dryness. Apply to the affected area twice a day, or as directed by your doctor. Under medical supervision, use

How should Bakuchi be used for the treatment of vitiligo or Leucoderma?

Vitiligo is caused by a Pitta imbalance in the body. Imbalanced Pitta causes Ama (a toxin that remains in the body due to indigestion), which impairs deeper body tissues. This eventually results in skin depigmentation. Bakuchi’s Deepan (appetizer), Pachan (digestion), and Ropan (digestion) properties aid in the management of this condition. It improves the digestive system, which aids in the digestion of Ama and heals the condition, providing relief. Its Rasayana (rejuvenating) property also aids in skin rejuvenation.
Tips
Use Bakuchi oil according to your needs.
Combine it with an equal amount of coconut oil.
Apply this mixture to the affected area and expose it to sunlight in the morning.
Repeat on a daily basis for best results.

What are the precautions to be followed while using Bakuchi churna? 

When using Bakuchi churna to treat vitiligo, please avoid using pickles, fish, and curd.

Conclusion of Bakuchi:

Bakuchi is an amazing Ayurvedic herb that not only gives you flawless, glowing skin and long, lustrous tresses by effectively combating hair fall, but it also improves the functioning of the internal organs by stimulating blood circulation and the flow of nutrients to all organs and tissues in the system. This potent herb contains medicinal seeds with a therapeutic oil extract that improves skin health, hair growth, and respiration, digestion, kidney, and bladder functions. To avoid side effects and reap the wonderful benefits of bakuchi for overall well-being, the herbal formulations must be taken in the recommended doses.

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