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Home » Bharangi (Clerodendrum serratum) Use, Benefits, Dose, Properties, and Side Effect

Bharangi (Clerodendrum serratum) Use, Benefits, Dose, Properties, and Side Effect

Introduction to Bharangi

The discovery of Bharangi is credited to a sage by the name of Bhrigu, hence the name given Bharangi. Bharangi is an ancient Ayurvedic medicine used for respiratory tract infections and other health-related problems. It is also said to have other therapeutic properties due to the presence of saponins, flavonoids, and phenolics in its roots and leaves.

भञ्जति इति भाङ्ग, भञ्जी आमर्दने । ।

It is useful in pacifying various Kaphadi vyadhi.

What is the Botanical Name of Bharangi?

Clerodendron serratum
Clerodendron-chance is said to be owing to the uncertainty of the medicinal property.
Dendron-Tree.
Serratum: Serrate (Latin)=toothed like a saw.

What is the Famly of Bharangi?

Verbenaceae

Main Sanskrit Synonyms of Bharangi:

i. The stem is thin and not much branched: Brahmanayashtika

ii. The leaves are rough: Kharashaka

iii. The flowers are like lotus: Padma

iv. The plant has a beautiful appearance: Surupa

v. It grows in Varsharutu: Varshabarbaraka

vi. Flowers are liked by Bhramara: Bhramarapriya.

Regional Names of Bharangi Plant:

  • Bharangi in English name – Blue-flowered Glory Tree
  • Hindi Name of Bharangi-Bharangee.
  • Bengali Name of Bharangi- Bamun hatee, Bamanhatee, Bhuijam.
  • Gujarati Name of Bharangi- Bharangee.
  • Kannada Name of Bharangi- Gantubarangee.
  • Malayalam Name of Bharangi- Cheruteku.
  • Marathi Name of Bharangi- Bharangee, Bharang.
  • Tamil Name of Bharangi- Cheruteku.
  • Telugu Name of Bharangi- Ganttubrarangee

Classification of Bharangi (Gana) as in Charaka and Sushruta:

Charaka Samhita – Pureesha sangrahaniya

Sushruta- Pippalyadi

Ashtanga Sangraha – Pippaylady gana

Ashtanga Hridaya – Arkadi Gana and Surasadi Gana

External Morphology of Bharangi Plant:

Bharangi Plant is A shrub, not much branched, stems bluntly quadrangular, and leaves are oblong or elliptic, acute, coarsely and sharply serrate, and glabrous. The base is acute.

Flowers Bharangi Plant are numerous, showy in lax pubescent dichotomous cymes. Corolla is pale blue, the larger lobe is dark bluish-purple.

Fruit of Bharangi Plant: Drupe.

Useful Parts of Bharangi:

Moola (The Root)

Important Phytoconstituents of Bharangi:

Root contains Saponins (A.P.I Volume III)

Rasa Panchaka of Bharangi:

  • Rasa: Tikta, Katu
  • Guna: Laghu, Ruksha
  • Virya: Ushna
  • Vipaka: Katu
  • Karma: Dipana, Pachana, Ruchya

Action of Bharangi Plant on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:

It is ushna-Kaphavatashamaka

Prayogarhavyadhi of Bharangi (Therapeutic Use of Bharangi):

Bharangi is useful toTreatof Following Diseases.

  • Gulma
  • Jvara
  • Shvasa
  • Kasa
  • Yakshma
  • Peenasa
  • Shotha
  • Hikka
  • Raktadosha.

Amayikaprayoga of Bharangi (Therapeutic Benefits of Bharangi):

External Benefits of Bharangi:

i. Madatyaya: Bath with Barangi kwatha (SU.U 47/36)

ii. Galaganda, Gandamala, Kuranda: Bharangi pounded with kanji is applied. (C.D 41/24)

iii. Shirogatavisha: Moola of Bandhuka, Bharangi, and Krushna tulsi is used as nasya. (Ch.chi 23/181)

iv. Shastrakshata: Bharangi moola made into a paste with water is applied. (G.N 4)

Internal Benefits of Bharangi:

i. Swasa: Bharangi with ghruta and madhu. (Su. Sa 5/139)

ii. Hikka and swasa: Bharangi and Shunthi with ushnodaka. (V.M 12/9)

Matra of Bharangi (Dose of Bharangi)

Dose: 3-6 g. of powder.

10-20 g. of kwatha churna. (A.P.I Volume III)

Vishista Yoga of Bharangi (Names of Important Formulations of Bharangi):

  • Ayaskruti
  • Kanakasava
  • Dashamularishta
  • Rasnadi Kvatha Churna
  • Dhanvantara Ghruta
  • Mahavatagajankusha Rasa.

Health Benefits of Bharangi.

Bharangi is said to have the following medicinal properties:

  • Antipyretic: Reduces fever
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antiseptic
  • Anti-toxic
  • Appetizer: Improves appetite
  • Expectorant: Helps to remove excess phlegm
  • Astringent 

Bharangi Benefits for skin

Bharangi is said to help with clearer skin. Applying Bharangi leaf juice to skin diseases and boils can provide relief.

Bharangi Benefits for asthma, colds, allergy, and tuberculosis.

Bharangi is said to be beneficial in the treatment of chronic respiratory conditions such as asthma. It acts as a mucolytic (breaks down mucus) and aids in its expulsion from the lungs. It can also be used to treat the common cold, rhinitis, and tuberculosis.

Bharangi Benefits for herpes infection

A group of viruses known as the herpes simplex virus (HSV) infects people. Of these, HSV can result in cold sores around the mouth, and HSV-2 primarily causes a viral STD (sexually transmitted disease), which can be uncomfortable. Herpes infection symptoms are said to be lessened by bharangi’s anti-inflammatory properties. This needs to be confirmed and the precise mechanism needs to be understood, which requires more research.

Bharangi Benefits for headaches

After a long day of chaos, Bharangi can help you if your head is hurting. When made into a paste and liberally applied to the forehead, the root powder of Bharangi is said to aid in providing relief from mild to severe headaches.

Classical References of Bharangi:

Synonyms:

भाङ्गभृगुभवापद्माफञ्जी ब्राह्मणयष्टिका ।
ब्राह्मण्यङ्गारवल्लीचखरशाकाहञ्जिका । (भा.प्र.) Guna Karma:

भाङ्ग रूक्षा कटुस्तिक्तारुच्योष्णापाचनीलघुः ।
दीपनीतुवरा गुल्मरक्तनुत्राशयेद् ध्रुवम्।।
शोथकासकफश्वासपीनसज्वरमारुतान्।। (भा.प्र.)

भाङ्गतुकटुतिक्तोष्णाकासश्वासविनाशिनी ।
शोफव्रणकृमिघ्नी च दाहज्वरनिवारिणी । (रा.नि.)

Frequently Asked Questions About Bharangi

What is the use of Bharangi?

Bharangi is used for Respiratory Tract Infections.

Can I take Bharangi during Pregnancy?

Yes, you can take bharangi during pregnancy under Ayurvedic doctor observation.

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