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Hiatal hernia Cause, Symptoms And Treatment

Hiatal hernia is a condition in which a portion of the stomach protrudes into the chest through a diaphragm opening. The diaphragm is the muscle sheet that separates the chest from the abdomen.

What causes a hiatal hernia?

An increase in abdominal pressure is the most common cause of a hiatal hernia. The abdominal cavity is the space in the centre of your body that houses several organs, including the:

  • The lower part of the oesophagus and stomach.
  • The small intestine, colon and rectum.
  • Liver.
  • Gallbladder, pancreas and spleen.
  • Kidneys.
  • Bladder.

This pressure can build up from things like:

  • Coughing.
  • Vomiting.
  • Straining during a bowel movement.
  • Heavy lifting.
  • Physical strain.

There are additional causes for a hiatal hernia as well. If you are obese or have extra fluid in your abdomen, you may develop a Hiatus Hernia during pregnancy.

Symptoms of Hiatal Hernia

Most small hiatal hernias are asymptomatic. Larger hiatal hernias, on the other hand, can result in:

Heartburn
Food or liquid regurgitation into the mouth
Acid reflux is the backflow of stomach acid into the oesophagus.
Having difficulty swallowing
Pain in the chest or abdomen
Feeling full soon after eating
Breathing difficulty
Bloody vomit or black stools, which may indicate gastrointestinal bleeding

Although there may be a connection between a hiatal hernia and GERD, neither disorder seems to be the direct cause of the other. Both GERD and a hiatal hernia are common conditions, with many people having one without the other.

Chest pain is another sign of a Hiatus Hernia It’s crucial to get in touch with your healthcare provider or visit the emergency room if you experience any chest pain because it can also be a sign of a heart attack.

Exams and Tests for Hiatal Hernia

The following tests may be used:

  • Barium swallow x-ray
  • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)
Hiatal hernia

Treatment of Hiatal Hernia

Principles of Treatment

  • Pittanubandhi Vata Gulma Samana Chikitsa
  • Vriddhihara chikista
  • Vatanulomana, .
  • Vatahara chikitsa

Prescription for Hiatus Hernia:

S. NoName of medicineDoseKalaAnupana
1Vriddhibadhika Vati2 tabPragbhakta; BDMilk
2Kankayana Vati500mgPragbhakta; BDDadima Ghrita-1 TSF
3Sukumara Kashayam20mlAdhobhakta; BDWater

Hiatal Hernia Surgical Treatments

Hiatus Hernia surgery is typically performed through small incisions in which the stomach and any surrounding tissue are pulled down from the chest cavity and back into the abdomen. To treat reflux, the surgeon will also reduce the size of the opening in your diaphragm and may reconstruct an esophageal valve.

Prevention of Hiatus Hernia

It is difficult to prevent hiatal hernias. However, one can reduce risk by maintaining a healthy weight and avoiding smoking.

To prevent hernias associated with increased abdominal pressure, avoid activities that cause abdominal strain, especially heavy lifting.

Avoid constipation.

Possible Complications

Possible complications include:

Pulmonary (lung) aspiration
Slow bleeding and iron deficiency anaemia (due to a large hernia)
Hernia strangulation (closure)

Diet and Lifestyle for Hiatal Hernia

A Wholesome Diet for Hiatus Hernia

Eat smaller, more frequent meals.

Keep the bowels clean.

Eat slowly without any hurry.

Unwholesome Diet for Hiatus Hernia

Avoid eating for at least two hours before going to bed and sit for at least one hour after eating.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is a hiatal hernia a serious condition?

Hiatus hernia complications are uncommon, but they can be serious. Sliding hiatus hernias (hiatus hernias that slide in and out of the chest area) can cause gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). This is the point at which stomach acid enters the oesophagus (gullet).

What foods trigger hiatal hernia?

foods that could aggravate symptoms of a hiatal hernia
Oranges, grapefruits, lemons, and juices made from those fruits, as well as cranberry and lemonade, are examples of citrus foods.
Chocolate.
fried and fattening foods, including fatty meat cuts and fried chicken.
Both onions and garlic.
food that is spicy.
Scotch and peppermint.

What is the best treatment for hiatus hernia?

The fundoplication procedure is the most frequently performed surgical procedure to treat a hiatus hernia. Although typically done through a keyhole (laparoscopic) procedure, open surgery may occasionally be required. It entails fixing your hiatus hernia and encircling your lower oesophagus with the top of your stomach.

What age is hiatus hernia common?

Age 50 or older is the most common age group for hiatus hernia.

Which fruit is best for hernia?

When you have a hernia, it’s best to eat fibre-rich, low-acidic foods like leafy greens, apples, pears, carrots, and sweet potatoes.

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