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Sushruta in Ayurveda

Who is Sushrut in Ayurveda?

In Sushruta Samhita, it is mentioned that Divodasa, the king of Kasi, who was considered the incarnation of Dhanvantari, taught Ayurveda, the science of life, especially the branch of surgery, to Sushruta, Aupadhenava, Aurabhra etc.

During the period of Susruta, among all the eight branches of Ayurveda, Salya Tantra was given the top priority. Divodasa belonged to the royal family, and there was a need of treating the soldiers during the war.

Dhanu or Dhanva means surgery. Anta means end. Dhanvantari means the master of surgery. Those who learned Salya Tantra are called ‘Dhanvantari and the tradition is known as Dhanvantareya.

Susruta was the son of Viswamitra, the preceptor of Rama and Lakshmana who taught Military Science- According to Ramayana.

Bhavaprakasa mentioned that Viswamitra sent his son Susruta to Divodasa Dhanvantari to learn medical science.

Kaushitaki Brahmana mentioned Pratardana, son of Divodasa, as proficient in philosophy.

• Panini (7 century BC) gave the derivation of the term Susruta (as a person skilled in surgery).

• Katyayana (3d cent. BC) also mentioned Divodasa.

• In Milinda Prasna (2-3d cent BC) the name Dhanvantari was mentioned.

From the above information, in determining the dates of Divodasa and Susruta there are differences of opinion. However, fixing of the upper and lower limits of their period can be done with the available data, and it can be presumed that Divodasa and Susruta might have flourished be- tween 1500-1000 B.C.

In 34 chapter Susruta Samhita, Sutrasthana, it is mentioned that the royal physicians should be attending to the royal families and they should be careful all the time to protect their lives. The word “Sousruta Pardhivah” might have been used by the famous grammarian Panini, because of a close relationship between the royal physicians and the emperors, of those days.

The physicians must be well versed in both the aspects of theoretical and practical knowledge. Those who had knowledge only either in theory or practice, are not eligible for the medical profession. – Susruta Samhita.

In Susruta Sareera it is mentioned that dissection of the dead body was conducted at first by Acharya Susruta. It was stated that every medical student should also conduct a dissection of a dead body.

The surgical techniques should be practiced on the flowers and fruits during the course of learning operative surgery.

Similarly prior to performing Vasti Karma’ one should have practiced with a similar type of Vastiyantra made of leather.

Application of Alkalies and the cauterization technique should be practiced on to dead animals during the period of house surgency.

The royal physician should be well versed in all the eight branches of Ayurveda along with the knowledge of allied sciences.

Who is the father of surgery?

Acharya Sushrut consider as father of surgery in Allopath and Ayurveda.

Where is the original Sushruta Samhita?

One of the oldest palm-leaf manuscripts of Sushruta Samhita has been discovered in Nepal. It is preserved at the Kaiser Library, Nepal as manuscript KL–699, with its digital copy archived by Nepal-German Manuscript Preservation Project (NGMCP C 80/7).

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