Skip to content
Home » First Plastic surgery – Susruta’s Rhinoplasty

First Plastic surgery – Susruta’s Rhinoplasty

From 1769 AD to 1799 AD, in a period of 30 years four Mysore wars were fought between Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan, on the one hand, and, the British on the other. As a result of these wars, the British learned two very important Indian techniques – Rocketry and Plastic Surgery. Both these Indian techniques were improved and became globally accepted – first in England and then in other European countries. How the British learned the art of Indian Plastic Surgery is a fascinating story.

A Maratha cart-driver, Kawasaji, who had served the British and four Tilanges (Indian soldiers of the British army), had been captured by Tipu Sultan of Srirangapatna. After their noses were cut off as a punishment for serving the enemy, they were sent back to the English command.

After some days, when dealing with an Indian merchant, the English commanding officer noticed that he had a peculiar nose and triangular scar on his forehead. On, inquiry, he learned that the merchant’s nose had been cut off as a punishment for adultery and that he had a substitute nose made by a Maratha Vaidya of the potter caste. The commanding officer sent for the Vaidya and asked him to reconstruct the noses of Kawasaji and four Tilanges.

The operation was performed near Pune in the presence of two English doctors. An illustrated account of this operation was reproduced in the Gentleman’s Magazine of London in October 1794. this description fired the imagination of young English Surgeon J.C.Carpue, who after researching the ‘Indian Nose’, performed two similar operations in 1814 AD successfully.

Current translations of Susruta Samhita by Sanskritists of Germany popularized plastic surgery throughout Europe. All replacement operations, which use flaps of skin in the immediate vicinity of the loss are known as “Indian plastic Surgery‘.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *