Monkeypox Diseases

The initial symptoms of monkeypox often include flu-like symptoms such as fever, headache, muscle aches, and swollen lymph nodes followed by a rash and lesions on the skin.

Monkeypox can spread to anyone through close, personal, often skin-to-skin contact including: – Direct contact with monkeypox rash, scabs, or body fluids from a person with monkeypox. – Touching objects, fabrics (clothing, bedding, or towels), and surfaces that have been used by someone with monkeypox. – Contact with respiratory secretions.

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– This contact can happen during intimate contact including:Oral, anal, and vaginal sex or touching the genitals (penis, testicles, labia, and vagina) or anus (butthole) of a person with monkeypox. Hugging, massage, and kissing. Prolonged face-to-face contact. Touching fabrics and objects during sex that were used by a person with monkeypox and that have not been disinfected, such as bedding, towels, and sex toys. – Having multiple or anonymous sex partners may increase your chances for exposure to monkeypox. Limiting your number of sex partners may reduce the possibility of exposure. – We are trying to better understand if virus could be present in semen, vaginal fluids, or other body fluids.

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– Vaccines used during the smallpox eradication programme also provided protection against monkeypox. Newer vaccines have been developed of which one has been approved for prevention of monkeypox – Monkeypox is caused by monkeypox virus, a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae.

– Monkeypox is usually a self-limited disease with the symptoms lasting from 2 to 4 weeks. Severe cases can occur. In recent times, the case fatality ratio has been around 3–6%. – Monkeypox is transmitted to humans through close contact with an infected person or animal, or with material contaminated with the virus.

– Monkeypox virus is transmitted from one person to another by close contact with lesions, body fluids, respiratory droplets and contaminated materials such as bedding. . – Monkeypox is a viral zoonotic disease that occurs primarily in tropical rainforest areas of central and west Africa and is occasionally exported to other regions.

– An antiviral agent developed for the treatment of smallpox has also been licensed for the treatment of monkeypox. – The clinical presentation of monkeypox resembles that of smallpox, a related orthopoxvirus infection which was declared eradicated worldwide in 1980. Monkeypox is less contagious than smallpox and causes less severe illness.

– Monkeypox typically presents clinically with fever, rash and swollen lymph nodes and may lead to a range of medical complications.